Digitalization and consumer protection enforcement
Keywords:digital platform, consumer protection, Hungarian Competition Authority, Consumer Protection Cooperation Network
The era of “new consumer protection” is marked by maximum harmonization rather minimum harmonization, (more) policy-based approach, legislation driven by the fast-emerging ecosystem of digital platforms, the strengthening of collective remedy and agency enforcement, and more cooperation between Member State regulatory bodies and EU Commission.
All of the above phenomenae emphasize changing directions and methods of consumer protection enforcement: digital platforms present a unique set of issues that trigger different policy solutions, mostly based on the findings of behavioral economics. The practices of digital platforms usually affect consumers in more than one Member State, thus EU-wide cooperation is more likely to happen vis-à-vis digital platforms than other traders. Individual remedies against digital platforms – due to their immense size – result in little change. The European Consumer Protection Cooperation Network is highly likely to open cases with regards to digital platforms.
In Hungarian law, EU-wide coordination complements an already existing rich practice of the Hungarian Competition Authority in the field of unfair commercial practices. In the future, where quite possibly, the number of cases against digital platforms will grow, the issue of cooperation will grow even more important.
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